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Siamak

Shabeh Yalda

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Yaldā is celebrated on the eve of the first day of the winter in the Persian calendar, which falls on the Winter Solstice. It celebrates the birth of Sun god Mithra.

 

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Historical Background

 

The festival was considered extremely important in pre-Islamic Iran (Persia) and continues to be celebrated to this day. Some historians believe that the festival spread to Europe through contacts between the Roman and Persian empires and was eventually replaced by Christmas; a theory that accounts for the celebration of Christmas on 25 December, rather than the later date of January 6 that is believed to be the correct date of birth of Christ.

 

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Yalda, a Syric word imported into the Persian language by the Syric Christians means birth (tavalud and melaad are from the same origin). It is a relatively recent arrival and it is refereed to the "Shab e Cheleh Festival" a celebration of Winter Solstice on December 21. Forty days before the next major Persian festival "Jashn-e Sadeh" this night has been celebrated in countless cultures for thousands of years. The ancient Roman festivals of Saturnalia (God of Agriculture, Saturn) and Sol Invicta (Sun God) are amongst the best known in the Western world.

 

In most ancient cultures, including Persia, the start of the solar year has been marked to celebrate the victory of light over darkness and the renewal of the Sun. For instance, Egyptians, four thousand years ago celebrated the rebirth of the sun at this time of the year. They set the length of the festival at 12 days, to reflect the 12 divisions in their sun calendar. They decorated with greenery, using palms with 12 shoots as a symbol of the completed year, since a palm was thought to put forth a shoot each month.

 

The Persians adopted their annual renewal festival from the Babylonians and incorporated it into the rituals of their own Zoroastrian religion. The last day of the Persian month Azar is the longest night of the year, when the forces of Ahriman are assumed to be at the peak of their strength. While the next day, the first day of the month "Day" known as "khoram rooz" or "khore rooz" (the day of sun) belongs to Ahura Mazda, the Lord of Wisdom. Since the days are getting longer and the nights shorter, this day marks the victory of Sun over the darkness. The occasion was celebrated in the festival of "Daygan" dedicated to Ahura Mazda, on the first day of the month "Day"

 

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Yalda Ceremony

 

Fires would be burnt all night to ensure the defeat of the forces of Ahriman. There would be feasts, acts of charity and a number of deities were honored and prayers performed to ensure the total victory of sun that was essential for the protection of winter crops. There would be prayers to Mithra (Mehr) and feasts in his honor, since Mithra is the Yazat responsible for protecting "the light of the early morning" known as "Havangah" It was also assumed that Ahura Mazda would grant people's wishes, specially those with no offspring had the hope to be blessed with children if performed all rites on this occasion.

 

One of the themes of the festival was the temporary subversion of order. Masters and servants reversed roles. The king dressed in white would change place with ordinary people. A mock king was crowned and masquerades spilled into the streets. As the old year died, rules of ordinary living were relaxed. This tradition persisted till Sassanian period, and is mentioned by Biruni and others in their recordings of pre-Islamic rituals and festivals. Its' origin goes back to the Babylonian New Year celebration. These people believed the first creation was order that came out of chaos. To appreciate and celebrate the first creation they had a festival and all roles were reversed. Disorder and chaos ruled for a day and eventually order was restored and succeeded at the end of the festival.

 

 

شـــــــب يلدا مبارک باد

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amoo siamak

 

shabeh yalda faghat bayad masto kheyar,, aragh sagi,,, va se chaharta raghas arabi doro baret bashano hall koni :clap2: :DD

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manam meeyam aghe raghasi bashe.....lol....especially arabi.... :diablo:

 

 

 

:clap2:

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amoo siamak

 

shabeh yalda faghat bayad masto kheyar,, aragh sagi,,, va se chaharta raghas arabi doro baret bashano hall koni :clap2: :DD

 

are valla, alan az fooroodgah keh mi umadam band basat gereftam goftam chand ta az doostam bian akhareh shab mast shim yokhdeh . :clap2:

 

does that mean i get a present? :D

 

to ham bia baham mast beshim sazi bezanim :clap2:

 

manam meeyam aghe raghasi bashe.....lol....especially arabi.... :diablo:

 

 

 

:clap2:

 

Nah azizeh delam,emshab,shabeh irunieh,sharmande :D unam ahangayeh ghadimi,bezan va bekoob ,tazeh bahas sharab ham bezani ba maha :happy_wft:

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emshab shabe yalda hast...

 

yeeehh..enghadr peste wa ajil bokhorim ta beterekim.. :)))

:clap2:

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nooshe jaane hamegi! maa ke rasm darim kharboze mikhorim! :D

kahrboze keh kheili khoobeh pourya ! nooshe junet ! montaha ajil yadet nareh.

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:clap2: man ajil majil ina khordam..anar khordam..chocolat khordam..tea nooshe jan kardam..:p

jatoon khali wa kheely raghsidim.. :dance_baby_wft:

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:clap2: man ajil majil ina khordam..anar khordam..chocolat khordam..tea nooshe jan kardam..:p

jatoon khali wa kheely raghsidim.. :dance_baby_wft:

 

az un raghsayeh ghashange iruni ba damane kootah ? :clap2:

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شـــــــب يلدا مبارک باد

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Oh,nice info, i love a story about history. But the women on the pic was soooo gorgeous! :D

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Happy Yalda to all of you guys :) .

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Is it tonight? Happy Yalda khanoom to all you guys!

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